12 October 2007
2. India: Empire of the Spirit
3. China: The Mandate of Heaven
4. Egypt: The Habit of Civilization
5. Central America: The Burden of Time
6. The Barbarian West
11 October 2007
09 October 2007
08 October 2007
1. Scriabin’s Mysterium and the Birth of Genius ScriabinMysteri um.pdf
A psychoanalytic approximation of our composer Skryabin, by Emanuel E. Garcia, M.D.
Ed.: The author examines from a psychoanalytic perspective the role and meaning of Scriabin's grand and transcendent artistic conception, the Mysterium. In so doing he offers a key to the understanding of the Scriabin's genius and daring musical originality.
Also take a look at our page Skrjabin Bulletin and read an interesting comparison by Emanuel E. Garcia of the composers/piani
sts "Rachmaninov and Scriabin" [see immediately below].
2. Rachmaninov and Skryabin RachScriabinPsa Rev.pdf
The article "Rachmaninoff and Scriabin: Creativity and Suffering in Talent and Genius," by Emanuel E. Garcia, was published in June 2004 in The Psychoanalytic Review, Vol. 91 No. 3.
A treatise on sources of information about the relationship between the psychotherapeut
ic and the artistic processes.
In Garcia's words:Among creative people there is a general and intuitive acceptance of the unconscious and an innate striving for a way to speak about its effects on their artistic activities, and here the possibilities for methodologicall
y sound psychoanalytic applications are immense. (For instance, an experimental study in which I employed the psychoanalytic method as an aid to a classical pianist’s interpretation of a musical composition has yielded promising results (Garcia, unpublished MS); so far as I know it is the first such application of psychoanalysis, and I hope to present these findings in the very near future.)
Large historical site maintained by a good historian of evolutionary biology, Michael Dietrich.
Among other things:
- Full transcript and video clips from a conference on the history of the neutral theory:
Will Provine's presentation:
- Panel Clip 1 -- Michael Dietrich's Presentation
Panel Clip 2
Panel Clip 3
Panel Clip 4
Panel Clip 5
Panel Clip 6 -- Edna Suarez's Presentation
- Lewontin and Gel Electrophoresis
- Fitch and the Heretic Kimura
- Dobzhansky and the Significance of it All
- Lewontin (and Dobzhansky) on Ideology
Online PublicationsAnd here are three more talks by Lewontin and one classic article:
- J. Buettner-Janusc
h and R. Hill, "Evolution of Hemoglobin in Primates," in Evolving Genes and Proteins, eds. V. Bryson and H. Vogel (New York: Academic Press, 1965). pp. 167-181
[Summary] [PDF 860K]
- Brian Clarke, "Darwinian Evolution of Proteins," Science 168 (1970), 1009-1011.
[Summary] [PDF 737K]
- J. L. Hubby and R. C. Lewontin, "A Molecular Approach to the Study of Genic Heterozygosity in Natural Populations. I. The Number of Alleles at Different Loci in Drosophila pseudoobscura,"
Genetics 54 (1966): 546-595.[Summary] [PDF 3MB]
- Motoo Kimura, "Evolutionary Rate at the Molecular Level," Nature 217 (1968), 624-626.
[Summary] [PDF 219K]
- Motoo Kimura and James Crow, "The Number of Alleles that Can Be Maintained in a Finite Population," Genetics 49 (1964), pp. 725-738.
- Jack L. King, "This Week's Citation Classic," Current Contents 34 (1983), 25.
[Summary] [PDF 440K]
- Jack King and Thomas Jukes, "Non-Darwinian Evolution," Science 164 (1969), 788-798.
[Summary] [PDF 3MB]
- Thomas Jukes, “Early Development of the Neutral Theory,” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 34 (1991) 473-485.
- R.C. Lewontin, The Genetic Basis of Evolutionary Change (New York: Columbia University Press, 1974).
- R. C. Lewontin, "Twenty-five ears Ago in Genetics: Electrophoresis[PDF 648K]
in the Development of Evolutionary Genetics: Milestone or Millstone?," Genetics 128 (1991) 657-662.
- R. C. Lewontin and J. L. Hubby, "A Molecular Approach to the Study of Genic Heterozygosity in Natural Populations. II. Amount of Variation and Degree of Heterozygosity in Natural Populations of Drosophila pseudoobscura,"
Genetics 54 (1966): 595-609.[Summary] [PDF 1010K]
- R. C. Lewontin and J. Krakauer, “Distribution of Gene Frequency as a Test of the Theory of the Selective Neutrality of Polymorphisms,”
Genetics 74 (1973) 175-195.
- G. G. Simpson, "Organisms and Molecules in Evolution," Science 146 (1964), 1535-1538.
[Summary] [PDF 1MB]
- Ward B. Watt, "Allozymes in Evolutionary Genetics: Self-Imposed burden or Extraordinary Tool?," Genetics 136 (1994) 11-16.
- Emile Zuckerkandl and Linus Pauling, "Evolutionary Divergence and Convergence in Proteins," in Evolving Genes and Proteins, eds. V. Bryson and H. Vogel (New York: Academic Press, 1965). pp. 97-166.
[Summary] [PDF 4.2MB]
Correspondence between Jack King and Theodosius Dobzhansky, 1970.
This fascinating set of letters centers on a comment that Dobzhansky made to King at a conference regarding King's belief in the reality of non-Darwinian evolution. In addition to the highly detailed scientific minutiae that scientists regularly discuss amongst themselves, one feels a real appreciation for the personal relationship between these two men. In the first letter King defends his belief in non-Darwinian evolution by outlining and critiquing the four "legs" upon which it has rested. Towards the end of the letter, King also describes what he teaches his students about the personality clashes that dominated the classical/balan
ce controversy. Dobzhansky opens his reply by telling King that he only meant to say that King was not "constrained" by his belief in non-Darwinian evolution, unlike others such as Crow and Kimura. He then goes on to explain that he has never been a "hyperselection ist" and that the problem of selection vs. drift has had a long history that proponents of non-Darwinian evolution ignore. He then explains why he thinks that the four legs upon which non-Darwinian evolution rests seem to be "very shaky." In the third letter in this series, King responds to Dobzhansky's critique that the apparent Poisson distribution of amino acid changes in various proteins (one of the legs) is problematic. He then discusses various cases in which it appears that proteins have changed at different rates throughout evolutionary history. He concludes with a discussion of the mut-T and the different predictions that emerge from Darwinian and non-Darwinian theories of evolution.The Fifth Macy Conference on Genetics, held November 3-6, 1963 at Princeton University, brought together several well-known geneticists of that time period to discuss important issues in population genetics. This conference took place just before the emergence of the field of molecular evolution. Attendees included: Walter Bodmer, James Crow, Everett Dempster, Theodosius Dobzhansky, L.C. Dunn, Barry Falconer, Dick Lewontin, Howard Levene, H.J. Muller, James Neel, Bruce Wallace, and Jack Schull, among others. The format of the conference was short individual presentations followed by an informal free-for-all discussion. Fortunately, a stenographer was present throughout the conference to preserve the interactions of these scientists. We have posted the entire transcript, dividing it up by sessions. Although we have only listed the paper titles, there is extensive discussion and debate among the scientists recorded throughout the transcript. (To get to the Table of Contents, click on the heading above.)
Scientists in Open War over "Neutral Theory"
Lewontin, R. C. (1998) The evolution of cognition: Questions we will never answer. In D. Scarborough and S. Sternberg, editors, An invitation to cognitive science, Volume 4: Methods, models, and conceptual issues. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
- Conversations With History: Richard Lewontin (or here)
- Gene, Organism and Environment: Bad Metaphors and Good Biology
- The Concept of Race: The Confusion of Social and Biological Reality
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Akiva Eldar on Nuclear Weapons in the Middle East, Iran, Military Censorship in Israel and the Influence of the Israel lobby in the US
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